Shree Aurobindo was a poet, a Philosopher and Yogi of reputation. His life began with political, poetic and philosophical experiences. Sri Aurobindo said that the truth of spiritualism, science and religion were already contained in the Vedas. The Gita contains Vedic values which one essential for the elevation human life.
Sri Aurobondo’s philosophy is based on intergralism. It is the synthesis of Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism and Spiritualism. According to him “Yoga” transforms the human kind, life and body to superman. Wholesome or integral development is possible through the practice of Yoga. Usually transformation takes plan.’ on a supramental stage, where diverse elements get transformed and then integrated. It changes the nature of man and lead to realize the divine power and divine perfection. Educational Philosophy
Sri Aurobindo said Education is Yoga, a process of liberation not only from the worldly bondages of pains and sufferings but also from the mental bondages of ignorance and evils. That is “Sa viddya ya Vimuktaya” education that makes man free from the bondages and barriers.
Aurobindo also believed that there is Brahma in everybody, there is innate power inside the man and education would enable man to discover the same. Since both matter and spirit are necessary for the welfare of mankind, education should help in bringing about a balanced developed in both.
Know thyself (Tatwamasi) is the keynote of educational philosophy of Sri Aurobindo. If you can know yourself, your true nature and your innate capacity, you will be able to know the whole world, understanding of the self or soul (Atma) is basic to all kinds of knowledge. Like the modern psychologists and educationist. Aurobindo laid emphasis on the principles of paedocentrecism.
According to Aurobindo the duty of the teacher is to show the path of knowledge and guide him to get the knowledge. He should not try to handover any information as spoon feeding. He should help the child to unfold his latent power
2. Integrated Personality:
The general aim of education, according to Aurobindo, is to develop the integrated personality of the child. The four qualities like love, knowledge, power and beauty should be cultivated in the child. It is a objective of education to raise the level of consciousness to help him to be human.
There are also five aspects of an educational system according to Sri Aurobindo and these aspects are relating to the important activities of the human beings. These are the physical, the vital, the mental, the psychic and the spiritual.
3. Education for Physical Being, Vital Being, Mental Being, Psychic and Spiritual Being:
The physical education can be provided through physical training games, sports, gymnastics and so on. The vital education aims at improving the vital powers through music, art, dance, craft etc. The mental education is developed through academic studies like reading, writing, learning, teaching etc.
The psychic education is promoted by developing moral values like truth love, honesty integrity etc. The Spiritual education aims at qualities like faith in God, in the transmigration of soul, love in every living and non-living bodies and other divine values.
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