What is a fertility test

If you want a baby, the fertility tests will be of great help to you, because they inform about the capacity of reproduction, as much for the women as for the men. We explain what types of fertility tests exist and what their characteristics are.

Read More: Infertility: the Truth About Causes

Fertility tests found in pharmacy

This is your first fertility test? The ideal, in this case, is to buy a fertility test (also known as an ovulation test) sold in pharmacies. This type of fertility test works, like pregnancy tests, with urine.

For men, fertility tests sold in pharmacies measure the amount of sperm per milliliter of sperm. Sperm quality is the key to fertilization and this test measures it. The male fertility test usually has an accuracy of 97%.

It is important to keep in mind that pharmacy tests measure only a small portion of fertility in men and women, and that the most effective way to measure it is to consult a specialist.

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Fertility tests found at the hospital

• Hormonal tests, which allow you to know more about fertility, can also be done in hospitals or specialized clinics. They are also much more complete and include the measurement of estrogen, progesterone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone, estradiol and anti-inflammatory hormone. müllerienne, among others.

• Transvaginal ultrasound is also one of the tests performed by gynecologists in case of fertility problems. To do this, the doctor introduces a probe into the vaginal cavity (it is painless) and checks whether there is a deformity or an anatomical complication.

• Hysterosalpingography or uterosalpingography is a test that evaluates the structure and function of the uterus, as well as the fallopian tubes, using x-rays (x-rays).

• Through a blood test, a karyotype study can be performed, thus determining the number and structure of white blood cells or lymphocytes.

• Finally, endometrial biopsy can determine whether infertility is caused by a cell abnormality.