Do children need their father

You want to upset a nice dinner party of good American liberals? Say this: “Fathers don’t mother and mothers don’t father.” Tell them that children need their fathers. Tell them that mothers need their children’s father. Add that single motherhood usually hurts the children. Then run for the door.

Hollywood denies it. The Democratic Party denies it. The Republican party affirms it in theory but not so much in practice. The major newspapers and networks deny it. Your neighbors and friends may well deny it. People at your church may well deny it.

But it’s true, as scholars have been saying for years now. Liberal secular scholars. Take Kyle Pruett. He’s a clinical professor at Yale Medical School. He works at the heart of American secular liberalism. He’s the one who said, “Fathers don’t mother and mothers don’t father.”

Fathers, Mothers and Swimming

Interviewed a few years ago by the very secular leftist website Salon, he described some of the things fathers do differently from mothers. The first, which shouldn’t surprise anyone, is “roughhousing and other physical activity.” Others are

an interest in having children encounter the world outside of the mother’s enclosure, not in spite of it but in addition to it; the use of play as a form of teaching as well as entertainment; and a willingness to allow frustration to build a little bit more than a lot of mothers are comfortable with, in order to teach some life lessons.

All help children grow up well. Take the second one, helping children encounter the world. Fathers, reported leading sociologist W. Bradford Wilcox in The Atlantic, “are more likely to encourage their children to take risks, embrace challenges, and be independent, whereas mothers are more likely to focus on their children’s safety and emotional well-being.” Bradford runs the National Marriage Project at the University of Virginia. (He’s also the source of the link to the interview with Pruett.)

For example, fathers encourage their toddlers to go farther out into the pool when they’re learning to swim. A study of the way parents teach their children to swim found that “fathers tend to stand behind their children so the children face their social environment, whereas mothers tend to position themselves in front of their children, seeking to establish visual contact with the children.”

Mothers stand between their children and the deep, fathers tell them to start swimming, but — and here’s the important thing — they’re literally right behind them. Children need both. They need protective encouragement (that would be mom) and secure challenge (that would be dad).

And they need them, I’d add, till they’re grown. The teenager heading out to look for a job is a lot like the little child who needs to swim on his own. He needs his mom saying, “That’s okay,” and his dad saying, “Get your backside out there.”

What Fathers Do

Encouraging their kids to take chances is one of four things Wilcox said fathers do for their children better than mothers. In his article, he said that fathers also taught them through play, protected them from predators and other dangers of the wider world, and disciplined them more firmly.

Fathers, for example, play rougher with their children and get them more excited. They do more unpredictable things. Mothers play nicer. They play calmly. What difference does this make? Fathers, Wilcox explains, “play a uniquely physical role in teaching their sons and daughters how to handle their bodies and their emotions on and off the field.” In other words, they need dad’s roughhousing.

Looking at it another way, Wilcox notes that studies show children in intact two-parent families who have good relationships do better than others in measurable ways. Just being in a two-parent family doesn’t necessarily help children that much if they don’t get along with their father. Having dad at home isn’t a magic cure.

In fact, boys with poor relationships with their fathers are more likely to be delinquent than boys living only with their mothers. But boys with average relationships with their fathers are less likely to be delinquent and boys with good relationships are only half as likely.

The same is true for depression, but the difference there is even more marked. It’s true also for teenage pregnancy, with the difference that teenage daughters of single mothers get pregnant even more often than daughters with poor relationships with their fathers. They get pregnant way more often than girls with average or good relationships with their fathers.

Children Really Need Fathering

“Do children really need fathering?” the Salon interviewer asked Pruett. “The answer is yes,” he answered. Six-week-old infants “respond differently to their fathers than they do to their mothers. … You watch what happens to children who don’t have fathers or fathering and you see the hunger that they feel.”

Children, he continued, have an “inherent hunger” for what he called “the fathering experience.”

If children don’t have a biological father available, they look for fathering from the men in their lives, and often make a very strong bid towards someone that the mother will allow in their lives to get some fathering — that roughhousing and exposure to real world frustrations that they seem to be able to use in their lives.

But, as Wilcox emphasized, children need good fathers. Fatherhood requires more than just staying around. Judging from the data, he wrote, “single mothers do about as well for their children, compared to dads who have poor-quality relationships with their children. By contrast, great, and even good-enough dads, appear to make a real difference in their children’s lives.”

The Challenge

Here, if I may shift from reporting to opinionating, comes the challenge. We can’t rest just making the case for two-parent married father-mother families against the cultural desire for any arrangement people want. Sexual liberals are wrong, but that doesn’t mean we’re right.

We can’t just show that children need fathers. Showing that fathers don’t mother and mothers don’t father only gets us so far. The fathers among us must work at being better fathers. As Jesus says, “Greater love has no man than this, than he lay down his life for his friends.” How much truer is that command — and it is a command — for our children. Being a good dad can be a real pain.

We’re not just fighting a culture war debate. Fatherhood good and bad affects human happiness. It changes lives up or down. Studies and facts don’t make men better fathers. The example and encouragement of other men being good fathers can. We know the facts. We need to live them out.

 

For David Mills’ reflections on observing Father’s Day when yours has died, click here.